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Revision of the National Food Safety Standards for Beverages and Cheese in China

On July 28, 2022, National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China (NHC) and State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) announced 36 New National Food Safety Standards and 3 Amendments. This time, we will focus on "beverages" and "cheese" among the newly established national food safety standards, and compare them with the current standards.
This column is based on an article contributed by the Chinese consulting company REACH24H Consulting Group.

GB 7101-2022: Beverages

 

GB 7101-2022 (New)

*December 30, 2022 enforcement
GB 7101-2015 (current)
Target This standard applies to beverages and does not apply to packaged drinking water (including natural mineral water). This standard applies to beverages and does not apply to packaged drinking water.
Definitions One or more food ingredients, regardless of the presence of auxiliary ingredients, food additives, or nutritional enhancers, in quantitative packaging for direct drinking or mixing with water, with an ethanol content not exceeding 0.5% by mass (e.g., carbonated beverages, fruit and vegetable beverages, protein-based beverages, solid beverages) Packaged for direct drinking or for mixing with water and containing 0.5% or less by mass of ethanol
~ Omitted ~
Others
  1. Bacteria-added product labels must indicate live (unsterilized) or non-live (sterilized ) type
  2. The number of lactic acid bacteria in live (unsterilized) products containing lactic acid bacteria shall be 106 CFU/g (mL) or more, and the content of lactic acid bacteria shall be indicated on the product label.
    Lactic acid bacteria shall be tested according to the method specified in GB 4789.35.
  3. Products requiring refrigeration or freezing for storage and transport must clearly state the storage and transport conditions on the label
  1. Labeling of lactic acid bacteria beverages products shall indicate live (unsterilized) or non-live (sterilized) type, and the number of lactic acid bacteria in the product labeled as live (unsterilized) type shall be 106 CFU/g (mL) or more.
  2. Products containing live (unsterilized) lactic acid bacteria and requiring refrigeration storage and transport must be labeled with storage and transport conditions.

The newly enacted GB 7101-2022 adds more details to the definition, indicating that it also includes protein beverages. In addition, there are newly added contents such as the requirement to indicate the content of lactic acid bacteria on products containing lactic acid bacteria (unsterilized).

GB 25192-2022:Processed cheese and Cheese products

 

GB 25192-2022(New)

*December 30, 2022 enforcement
GB 25192-2010(current)
Target This standard applies to processed cheese and cheese products. This standard applies to processed cheese.
Definitions

[Processed cheese]
Products with their main ingredient of cheese (50% or more), with other ingredients, regardless of the presence of food additives or nutritional enhancers, after processes such as heating, stirring, emulsification (drying), etc.

[Cheese products]
Products with their main ingredient of cheese (15%-50%), with other ingredients, regardless of the presence of food additives or nutritional enhancers, after processes such as heating, stirring, emulsification (drying), etc.

[Processed cheese]

Products with their main ingredient of cheese (15% or more), with emulsified salt, regardless of the presence of other ingredients, after processes such as heating, stirring, emulsification, etc.
~ Omitted ~
Others
  1. the product label must clearly state the cheese percentage used
  2. the product must be labeled "再制干酪 (Processed Cheese)" or "干酪制品 (Cheese Products)
    (再制干酪 (Processed cheese) may be labeled as "再制奶酪" and 干酪制品 (Cheese Products) may be labeled as "奶酪制品")
  3. Product labels must clearly indicate transport and storage temperatures.

In the newly established GB 25192-2022, the ratio of cheese, which is the definition of processed cheese, was increased from 15% to 50%. In addition, a new category called "cheese products" is included, and the ratio of cheese in cheese products is set at 15-50%.
As with beverages, there are other new additions, such as the requirement to indicate the percentage of cheese used in the product.

We have covered "Beverages" and "Cheese" this time, the contents described here are only a part, and there are other contents and standards that have been changed. Therefore, those who are considering exporting to China should read 36 New National Food Safety Standards and 3 Amendments contents.
Especially when the category changes, there is a possibility that the standard for use of additives may change in conjunction with the category change. Therefore, it is recommended that you check not only the package label but also the mixing recipe (ingredients used).

October 2022